Law & Governance

What do trade unions do?

Workers are often at a disadvantage when negotiating with employers. It is difficult for workers to complain about pay or conditions when they can lose their jobs. Therefore, some workers form unions – organisations to promote their shared interests. This negotiation between unions and employers is known as ‘collective bargaining’.

Read More

Abiy Ahmed’s Nobel Peace Prize

On 11th October 2019, Ethiopia’s president Abiy Ahmed won the Nobel Peace Prize thanks to the peace agreement he negotiated last year with Eritrea, who they border. This represents a significant achievement for the 43-year-old president, the youngest country leader on the African continent, and marks a new beginning for

Read More

Beijing Declaration

WHAT IS THE BEIJING DECLARATION? The Beijing Declaration is a series of commitments agreed upon by the 186 United Nations countries during the fourth World Conference on Women in 1995. These countries marked the 50th anniversary of the United Nations with this declaration which is, effectively, a promise to work

Read More

Why Is An Independent Media Important?

(Listen to this article on the Sky Alpha Breakfast Show) Everyone has the right to freedom of expression. The freedom of expression allows us to say, write, and post online whatever we want to say. This is only limited by laws which balance everyone’s interests. These laws include restrictions on

Read More

Gacaca Courts during the Rwandan Genocide

The Rwandan genocide was a mass slaughter of the Tutsi ethnic group during the Rwandan Civil War, by members of the Hutu ethnic group,  who controlled the government in 1994. The government formed after the war needed to bring justice for the crimes committed against the Tutsi in order to

Read More

Africa’s unrecognised territories 

Across the continent of Africa, there are several unrecognised states which have declared independence from the countries in which they are legally situated. Some unrecognised territories have recently declared independence; others have been an unrecognised state for several decades. WHAT IS AN UNRECOGNISED STATE? An unrecognised state is a region

Read More