Law & Governance



Kenya is one of the most diverse countries in the world. It has over 150 ethnic groups. However, Kenya is commonly recognised to have only 42 official tribes. The existence of official tribes has both advantages and disadvantages. Going forward, the notion of tribes can be used to make minority

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African Union


What is Agenda 2063? Set out by the African Union, Agenda 2063 is the ‘blueprint’ for transforming Africa in the next fifty years. The proposed set of initiatives has Pan-Africanism at its core and is in line with the UN (United Nations) Sustainable Development Goals. The 7 Aspirations in Agenda

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Human Rights

The Banjul Charter

Human rights can be difficult to understand. They are defined as what is believed to belong to every person. Examples are the right to life, freedom from slavery, and the right to be treated equally before the law. While many people believe it is important that everyone has human rights,

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Media Law Reform in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe has been moving closer towards changing media laws as part of wider structural reform in country. How are Laws Changed? A bill (proposed legislation under consideration) does not come into law until it is passed. Three bills are set to replace the existing Access to Information and Protection of

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Introduction/ What is civil society? One cannot imagine a democratic dispensation today without the critical role that civil society organizations play. Sometimes referred to as the “third sector”, civil society organizations emerged as non–state movements that subjected governments to scrutiny. It has since then developed also to become a collaborator

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Women’s Empowerment in Rwanda

Rwanda is a leading light in the journey towards women’s empowerment. The country has the highest proportion of women in parliament globally and has high levels of female education and employment. However, there are still areas where progress needs to be made.   The History   The journey towards women’s

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Who is the new Director-General of the WTO?

Introduction On the 15th February 2021, the General Council of the World Trade Organisation (WTO) selected Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala as the organisation’s seventh Director-General. When she took office on 1st March 2021, Dr Okonjo-Iweala became the first woman and the first African to hold this position. What is the WTO? The

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