BY ANUSHA BALE
The police are the civil force of a state who have a duty to maintain law and order. They are responsible for community safety and protection. They promote peace and security in society.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF POLICE?
- Enforcing laws.
- Preventing crime.
- Responding to emergencies.
The first role of police is to enforce the laws created by the legislative branch of government. The police arrest people who they suspect have committed crimes. The police also spend a lot of time investigating crimes. They have the knowledge, resources and powers to do so. This includes investigating missing person crimes, in which a person has gone missing. The enforcement of laws must be done fairly and efficiently in order to maintain a just legal system. The police must operate within the law; just as ordinary citizens do.
The police must regulate crime in a specific geographic area. They do this through their daily patrols. By doing this, they can arrest or fine people who have disobeyed the law. One example of this is traffic offences. If you are driving above the speed limit, a police officer will pull you over and give you a speeding fine. Police presence can help prevent crime. This is because people fear punishment. If they know police officers are around, they will abide by the law. So if you know you may get caught by police for speeding, you will drive at the correct speed.
RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES
The police must respond to emergencies. An emergency is a dangerous situation requiring immediate action. The police may find out about an emergency through their own police monitoring or through communication with a citizen. Without the police, preventable tragedies would occur. Such emergencies may include a terrorist attack, an armed robbery or riots occurring in the streets. These situations require quick decisions on behalf of police, in order to protect life and property.