Methods of birth control


posted on: April 26th, 2018

Birth control is how you prevent a pregnancy before it begins. There are lots of different methods. Birth control can work really well and be easy to use. All of the methods in this article help prevent pregnancies, but none are 100% effective. They also do not protect infection from sexually transmitted diseases except for condoms. It is therefore always a good idea to use a condom in addition to the other methods listed here.


A condom is a thin rubber sheath that is placed over the penis before sex. A condom allows two people to have sex without their genitals touching. It also stops sperm from getting into the vagina. Condoms therefore protect from both pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.


Birth control pills are a kind of medicine with hormones. You take one pill every day. The hormones in the pill stop ovulation. No ovulation means that the female body does not prepare an egg to be fertilised by sperm. The pill is safe and effective.


An IUD is a tiny device that is put into the woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. The uterus (also called the womb) is an organ in the lower part of a woman’s body that is important for having babies. IUD stands for Intrauterine Device (a device inside your uterus). It is a small piece of flexible plastic shaped like a T. IUDs are long-term, reversible and very effective at preventing pregnancy.


The birth control shot is an injection you get from a nurse or doctor once every 3 months. That’s 4 times a year. It’s a safe and convenient birth control method that works really well if you always get it on time.


A birth control implant is a tiny rod about the size of a matchstick. It releases hormones that prevent pregnancy. A nurse or doctor inserts the implant into the woman’s arm and they are protected from pregnancy for up to 4 years.


Female sterilisation is a surgical procedure during which a woman’s fallopian tubes are closed or blocked. The fallopian tubes are needed for an egg to move from the ovaries to the vagina to be fertilised. When they are blocked, no egg can come through and no pregnancy can happen. You still get your period after this procedure, but it permanently protects against pregnancy.


Male sterilisation is also called a vasectomy. It is a surgical procedure. During the surgery, a doctor cuts or blocks of the small tubes in the man’s scrotum (testicles). This way no sperm can leave the man’s body and cause pregnancy. Vasectomy protects against pregnancy permanently.


Natural birth control methods do not rely on technology. One of them is to only have sex during the days of the month that the woman is less fertile and so less likely to get pregnant. Another is for the man to withdraw his penis from the woman’s vagina before orgasm and to ejaculate outside of her. Women who already have a baby who only give their baby breast milk and nothing else are protected from another pregnancy for up to 6 months.

Share Article


Namukwaya Olivia
Namukwaya Olivia

How about this advert on TV of a 16 old year old girl who got pregnant while still in school, Sarah, she says, those were her friends who told her to take an aspirin before sex, My question is does Aspirin work as a pregnancy control tab?? How about 3panadols immediately after sex?? will be grateful. Thank you

Arrey Queen
Arrey Queen

Ohh this is wonderful

Mary Tarwan
Mary Tarwan

I took the injection January 2, 2018 but up till now I haven’t seen my period

Related articles

Science & Tech

Scientific African: what is it and why is it important?

The development of science and research in Africa has taken an important step forward. In…

Read more
Science & Tech

How solar powered backpacks are helping children to study

Solar powered backpacks were designed in 2015 by Evariste Akoumian, a computer salesman from the…

Read more
Science & Tech

What is air pollution?

Air pollution is the term used to describe the dirtying of the air we breathe…

Read more
Home & Family

How can parental leave help new families?

Parental leave is an employee benefit which allows mothers and fathers to take time off…

Read more
Science & Tech

The importance of scientific journals

Modern science is not all about doing experiments. A key feature of being a scientist…

Read more

We think you are enjoying this, sign up for our newsletter!

Sign up