Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most frequently occurring infections worldwide. They are present more often in women than in men, and are especially common in young females between ages 15-29. Females are more prone to UTI’s because their urethra (a duct by which urine exists from the bladder) is shorter than males’ urethra, as such it is easier for bacteria to move up to the urinary tract and to cause an infection. E. Coli bacteria is the most common cause of UTI, and it is present in a body’s bowel flora.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Signs and symptoms of UTIs include: pain with urination, pain in the lower part of the stomach, cloudy looking urine, blood in the urine, fishy smelling urine , fever, frequent urination, chills, and back pain. If you experience any of these signs and symptoms you should get medical attention, because the treatment for UTIs is antibiotics.
Recurrence of UTIs is common, that is why prevention is highly important. Maintaining good personal hygiene is necessary after urination, and especially so after defecation. Women must remember to wipe themselves from front to back with a clean toilet paper or paper towel. Before sexual intercourse both partners should wash their genitalia and hands. Wash your hands with water and soap. Also, women should urinate after sexual intercourse in order to wash out any bacteria. High fluid intake helps in prevention of UTIs. Also you need to urinate more often and until complete bladder emptying.