Law & Governance

Elements of Government: the Legislature

WHAT IS THE LEGISLATURE? The Legislature is one of three branches of government. The other two are the Executive and the Judiciary or the courts. The Legislature can be a parliament, congress or national assembly. The Legislature will often be made up of two levels: an upper house and a

Read More

What is a Customs Union?

Customs unions are an important part of international trade in the modern world. They determine how easy it is for countries to import and export goods to each other. Several customs unions exist in Africa today. This includes the East African Community (EAC) and the South African Customs Union (SACU)

Read More

What is a Customs Union?

Customs unions are an important part of international trade in the modern world. They determine how easy it is for countries to import and export goods to each other. Several customs unions exist in Africa today. This includes the East African Community (EAC) and the South African Customs Union (SACU)

Read More

The African Union Passport

WHAT IS THE AFRICAN UNION PASSPORT? The African Union declared the intention of releasing a passport that would be available to all African citizens at its 27th summit in 2016. This passport would allow free movement of people throughout Africa, meaning that there would be no need to apply for

Read More

The Controversy of Emperor Haile Selassie’s Statue

A seven-year debate surrounding the legacy of Ethiopia’s last emperor, Haile Selassie, has been put to rest; a commemorative statue has been erected outside the headquarters of the African Union (AU). Selassie has been the subject of contention since fellow Pan-Africanist, Kwame Nkrumah, had a monument dedicated to him in

Read More

Women in politics: in Sub-Saharan Africa and Beyond

There is an inequality between the number of men and the number of women who are involved in politics across the world. In 1995, the percentage of female members of national parliaments across the world was 11.3%. By November 2018, this had increased to 24%. This number, however, is still

Read More

The UN Security Council and Africa: Present and Future

The United Nations is a global organization that allows countries around the globe to work together to improve the world we live in. It has many bodies that specialize in things from health to cultural heritage, but one of its politically most significant entities is the Security Council. Recently, there

Read More

The History of the African Union

THE CONCEPT OF AFRICAN UNITY The idea of African Unity, and of an African Union (AU), has a long history – originating perhaps in the pan-Africa movement, which emerged amongst intellectuals and leaders both in Africa and around the world. ‘Pan Africanism’ calls for solidarity between all peoples of African

Read More