What is Agenda 2063?
Set out by the African Union, Agenda 2063 is the ‘blueprint’ for transforming Africa in the next fifty years. The proposed set of initiatives has Pan-Africanism at its core and is in line with the UN (United Nations) Sustainable Development Goals.
The 7 Aspirations in Agenda 2063:
A prosperous Africa, based on inclusive growth and sustainable development
An integrated continent politically united and based on ideals of Pan Africanism and the vision of African Renaissance.
An Africa of good governance, democracy, respect for human rights, justice, and the rule of law
A peaceful and secure Africa
Africa with strong cultural identity, common heritage, and values, and ethics.
An Africa whose development is people-driven, relying on the potential offered by African people, especially its women and youth.
An Africa as a strong, united, resilient, and influential global player and partner.
How the African Union plans to achieve these aspirations: accessibility and a networked approach
The initiatives seek to increase accessibility in many ways. Increasing access to education is likely to be met with management for improving the skills of Africa’s youth – underpinned by science, technology, and innovation.
The expansion of access to quality health care services, particularly for women and girls, is another priority on the African Union’s Agenda, alongside multi-state improvements in access to necessities such as sanitation, and electricity. Flagship projects, including the development of world-class infrastructure, will continue to criss-cross Africa, improving connectivity through rail, road, sea, and air.
Networks will extend beyond domestic spaces. Following negotiations, the African Continental Free Trade Area is now operational having come into effect on the 1st January 2021 for 41 countries. While the emphasis remains on regional integration, the role that new foreign actors will play is likely to shape the futures of Africa.
The integrity of African cultural identities
Central to Agenda 2063 is reinforcing a strong sense of cultural identity. The African Union hopes that fostering links with the African diaspora globally will help to deconstruct misrepresentations of Africa. Through this, as well as strong regional integration through a confederate United Africa, they are trying to reposition states to become dominant players in world affairs.
The African Union revised development agendas in line with structural transformations. African governments are keen to ensure that global political and economic interdependence does not overshadow the desire for the self-reliance and self-determination of African people. Independence remains a key objective, affirming the importance of African unity and promoting mutual heritage in a time where there will be continued external interference.
Seven key aspirations underline the new development trajectory with an emphasis on the development of networks, both domestically and internationally. However, the Union is determined that new relations will not overshadow the importance of improving existing access to fundamental citizen services, and neither will it undermine the rich African cultural heritage which is central to this new agenda.