Léopold Sédar Senghor


posted on: September 3rd, 2018

Léopold Sédar Senghor is a Senegalese poet, teacher, philosopher and politician. He was born in the small coastal town of Joal and raised as a Christian. He studied at a university in France. He came back to Senegal after fighting in World War Two. He believed in Pan-Africanism. This means that people in Africa have common interests and should be unified as one. We can find this idea in Senghor’s literature and politics.


Senghor formed the Négritude movement with authors Aimé Césaire and Léon Damas. Négritude is about celebrating African culture and values. It means that Africans share many attitudes and traditions. We are brought together by past suffering and become one shared black identity. Négritude shows that African culture is special and something to be proud of.

Senghor wrote many poems where he expresses his love for Africa. His poems defend the culture of Africa and its beauty. He uses his Christian beliefs to hope for peace and forgiveness in the world. He talks about his love and admiration for beautiful African women. When he talks about specific women he is actually talking about the whole of Africa. He writes about the beauty and greatness of African heritage. Senghor’s poems use Négritude to show that African culture is rich and precious.


Senghor started a political party in 1948 to protect the interests of Africa. He wanted to improve the lives of the Senegalese people. He helped Senegal to gain its independence from France. He became the first democratically elected president of Senegal in 1961. As president he worked to promote African unity. He tried to preserve the French West African Federation (AOF). The AOF was a political union of African countries. Senghor wanted Senegal to be closer to its African neighbours. Even though Senegal didn’t have many resources he spent money on a festival of African arts. He wanted Africans to have a stronger cultural identity.


Why do we still remember Léopold Senghor today? Because he is an important thinker in African culture. He was proud of Africa and its heritage. He used his pride to make a difference in Senegal. He promoted the importance of African cultural identity. That’s why he is and will be remembered throughout history.

Share Article



Related articles


Senegalese wrestling: an ancient sport and modern day..

Every Sunday at the Adrien Senghor Wrestling Stadium in Dakar, there is a knockout wrestling…

Read more

The Tanzanian story that started Bohemian Rhapsody

Bohemian Rhapsody, the Queen biographical film, made $3.9 million on its opening night, and is…

Read more

The healing scrolls of Ethiopia

HOW IS A HEALING SCROLL MADE ? A däbtära, or unordained cleric (someone who is…

Read more

The miniature masks of the Dan people

The miniature masks are crafted by the Dan people of the Ivory Coast and Liberia…

Read more

African-Australians: trials and triumphs

The African community in Australia has before been dominated by white South African immigrants who…

Read more

We think you are enjoying this, sign up for our newsletter!

Sign up