Law & Governance

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Why it is Important to have a Bank Account

> WHAT IS A BANK ACCOUNT? A bank account is a financial account, which stores…

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The importance of your political participation

Allowing citizens to have their voices heard is very important. Political participation is when people…

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Why it is important to protect the rights of indigenous people

Indigenous people are the native people in a territory. They have historical and cultural ties…

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Introduction to human rights – what are they? Why do we need them?

Human rights are rights that people have because they are born as humans. Human rights…

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Why Do We Send People to Prison?

The law exists to protect us and ensure our rights. If you do not follow…

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Theories of Jurisprudence – What is the Study of Law?

  WHAT IS JURISPRUDENCE? Jurisprudence is the science, study and theory of law. It is…

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Disrespect and disagreement – what is the difference?

Imagine you and your friends are playing a game of football together. Imagine that your…

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What makes good governance? #2 in series: Why transparency in governance is so important

TRANSPARENCY IS JUST ONE WAY TO LOOK AT GOVERNANCE There are many different ways to…

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Why do we Vote and why is Voting Important?

BY REBECCA SLOAN WHY DO WE VOTE? Electing a government through a fair and open…

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BY ELEANOR HAIDON

  WHAT IS PRISON? When a person is found guilty of breaking the law by a court, they are sentenced to a punishment. The sentence could be to pay a fine but when the crime is very serious, the court often sends the person to prison as their sentence. The individual may be sentenced to spend weeks, months or even years living in the prison. They will not be at home with their friends or family and will not be able to leave until their sentence is finished. WHY IS PRISON CHOSEN INSTEAD OF ANOTHER SENTENCE? Prison is often seen as the correct punishment for serious crimes. Different countries and different people believe that prison is the correct punishment and sentence for different reasons. The following list explains some of them, see which one or ones you agree with, there is no right answer. If you disagree with any, why do you disagree? 1. Protection: By sending a person to prison they are kept away from the public. They cannot harm the public or steal from them, as they are kept in a secure building. 2. Deterrence: It is not pleasant to be in prison. Friends and family can visit at certain times but the person in prison will not be able to go outside the boundary of the prison. It is hoped that anyone who is thinking of committing a crime will be put off from doing so because, either: • They have been to prison before and do not want to go back, or; • Because they know that it is a punishment that the court could order as they have heard of other people being sent to prison and they do not want that for themselves. Prison is seen as so horrible that it stops people from breaking the law as they do not want to go to prison. 3. Retribution: The law aims to keep a community safe; it provides the rule book that must be followed. When the law is broken, some people believe that the punishment should reflect the blameworthiness of the person. The sentence should not be too harsh or not too soft but reflect the crime.When someone has committed a serious crime, some argue the punishment that reflects the seriousness is prison. Can you think of any other reasons why people may think it is the right sentence to send someone to prison?

  WHAT IS PRISON? When a person is found guilty of breaking the law by…

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